About NHRC Nepal

Established in 2000 as a statutory body under the Human Rights Commission Act 1997, the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) of Nepal is an independent and autonomous constitutional body. NHRC Nepal has a separate sphere of responsibilities in the constitutional legal system of the country. Article 248 of the Constitution of Nepal, 2015 enshrines the constitutional basis of the existence of NHRC Nepal. Article 249 of the constitution provisions the duty of NHRC Nepal as to respect, protect and promote human rights and ensure effective enforcement thereof. These responsibilities complement the responsibilities of the normal machinery of the administration of Justice, the Supreme Court, and the Office of the Attorney General, the Commission for the Investigation of Abuse of Authority, and other existing executive, quasi-judicial or judicial bodies of Nepal.

NHRC Nepal came into existence after the 1991 UN-sponsored meeting of representatives of national institutions held in Paris, which laid down a detailed set of principles on the status of national institutions - commonly known as the Paris Principles. Endorsement of the same principles by the UN Commission on Human Rights (Resolution 1992/54 of 3 March 1992) and the UN General Assembly (Resolution 48/134 of 20 December 1993) is considered as the foundation and reference point for the establishment and operation of the National Human rights Commission of Nepal.

NHRC Nepal firmly believes that the protection and promotion of fundamental human rights is non-negotiable to achieving meaningful peace, stability and development. It independently monitors the actions of state bodies and security forces by responding in a timely and thorough manner to the complaints of abuses. NHRC Nepal operates in coordination with human rights defenders and by developing institutional mechanisms that allow for independence from state mechanisms and partisan political pressure.

To further strengthen the institutional coordination and to effectively intensify the institutional networks for the promotion and protection of human rights, NHRC- Nepal believes that it is really important to reflect on changes in the human rights context of the South Asian region by bringing together NHRIs, government bodies, civil society members, lawyers and human rights activists to discuss human rights challenges in the region and also to identify common approaches and joint initiatives that will protect and promote human rights.